Institutions and International Entrepreneurship
In this study, we rerun and extend the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) first analyzed by Busenitz, Gomez, and Spencer (2000). As in the original study, we develop a 3-factor model for the Country Institutional Profile (CIP) for entrepreneurship. This measure is designed to assess the institutional makeup of a given country and its population in terms of three domains: regulatory (state policies and legal frameworks), cognitive (shared social knowledge), and normative (common value systems). More specifically, the measure focuses on how each of these domains relates to entrepreneurship. In addition, we test several competing models with different factor structures based on institutional theory. We conclude that the 3-factor model presented in the original study provides the best fit for the data. However, we also caution that it only affords a modest fit and does not provide invariance across the countries tested. In its current state the instrument may not prove directly useful for future research.